Background of CRO
BIS a standardizing body incorporated in 1986 since then BIS has shown active involvement to develop international standards by putting India’s viewpoints effectively keeping our trade interest in mind. Which results into formulation of Harmonized Indian standards under dual numbering scheme. BIS also developed indigenous standards too. BIS is among the founding member of ISO, and member of IEC also, and signed BCA/MRA with many countries co-operate in terms of standard development.
Compulsory Registration Order (CRO) was notified on oct 2012 by MEITY under the provision of Compulsory Registration Scheme of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Act 1986. And this order came into effect from July 3rd, 2013.
Growth of CRO
Over the years CRO has seen extensive growth in term of number of registrations of various products notified by order in phased manner. CRO has been notified for 44 product categories, and 29 Indian Standards and which has over 21000 registrations till date. Since its birth in 2012 CRO grow over the year exponentially. Registration growth was 3.59% from 2018 to 2019 calendar year.
Cell-batteries, LED Luminaires, LED Bulb, Control gears, IT and other office equipment, Mobile Phones has huge demand in Indian market, below data shows top 10 product categories notified under CRO which shares almost 71% of registrations.
What New after CRO implementation?
Consumers are enjoying the best quality goods and the import of substandard goods is curtailed many folds due to implementation of CRO. Indian electronic industry is nascent stage and Chinese dumping policy is another threat for domestic players, so CRO plays a vital role to mitigate this effect.
MSME sector is always been Pillar of Indian economy, where entrepreneur’s has better opportunity to contribute national GDP. Implementation of CRO promotes Make in India Campaign of govt. and it provide relief to cash strapped MSME sector, in future a well-established Indian industry will provide tough competition for global manufacturers who try to reap Indian market otherwise. Finally, this chain process will create demand for better products and set the stage for new standards and more products under scope too.
Standardization of more product creates good environment for innovators and investors and Indias bid in global forums and summits which will attract foreign investment in country.
China and USA are leading manufacturers of world and shares 20% and 18% of global manufacturing, however India accounts for mere 3% although India is one of the largest markets for manufactured goods. Due to manufacturing deficiency there is always a high demand of products so, there is always room for substandard products in Indian market, to curb this the role of national Standardization Body very important. Under market surveillance process BIS has taken measures through nodal agency STPI.
Projected CRO Phase 4 Products
On 6th Jan 2020 as per a meeting between MAIT and MietY with Industry delegates Under CRO 4 many products are projected like LED module, Lighting rope, Keyboard, ATM, Induction heater, HDD (internal), SSD(>256GB), Music system(>50W), SMPS (up to 48V output max), and TV (other than LED/Plasma/LCD) etc. all these potential products may be seen in CRO phase 4 soon.
MNRE Products future under CRO
India`s ambitious SOLAR alliance (76+ member nations) attracting world investors for SOLAR business in India, Batteries and solar Panel mostly imported from foreign manufacturers so implementation of MNRE order dated Aug 2017 again postponed till 30-06-2020 as per gazette notice dated 13th Jan 2020. MNRE product has seen lots of capacity crunches and testing fee related issues, but there is huge scope for CRO to register growth.
Way Forward for CRO
North America, Europe, Japan, south Korea even china already manufacturing and working on latest technologies for Electronic (AV) and IT products (ICT), convergence of multiple technology in a single device resulting smart technologies and wearable devices which demanding a future proof standard so technology giants are switching to HBSE(i.e. IEC 62368-1, DOW of legacy standards is Dec 2020). HBSE is pro manufacturer standard and will help them to develop to world class product. Hope Indian market will look forward and demand a safe and secure product from rapid growing industry and CRO will establish itself as a Harbinger of Indian Electronics and IT industry global forums.