The Government of India set up the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under the Ministry of Power, Government of India on 1st March 2002 under the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001, to develop policies and strategies to reduce the energy intensity of the Indian economy.

BEE’s S&L (Standard and Labelling) Certification Scheme

To achieve the aim of bringing down the energy intensity of economy by 33 to 35% compared to 2005 level by 2030, BEE launched the S&L certification scheme to realize the benefits of energy efficiency through reduced energy consumption in household electrical appliances. The main objective of the regulation is to give the consumer an informed choice about the energy-saving (and thereby, cost-saving) potential of the marketed product.

Products regulated must be approved by BEE and have BEE star label marked on it in order to be manufactured/sold in the Indian market and thus, it is the responsibility of the manufacturer/ importer/ trader of the product to meet the minimum energy performance standards laid out by the department.


  1. Frost Free Refrigerator – since January 2009
  2. Tubular Fluorescent Lampssince January 2009
  3. Room Air Conditionerssince January 2009
  4. Distribution Transformer – since January 2009
  5. Room Air Conditioner– Cassette, Floor Standing Tower, Ceiling, Corner AC – since January 2016
  6. Direct Cool Refrigerator – since May 2016
  7. Electric Geysers – since September 2016
  8. Colour TV – since May 2016
  9. Inverter Air Conditioner – since January 2018
  10. LED Lamps/Bulbs – since January 2018
  1. Induction Motors 
  2. Agricultural Pump Sets 
  3. Ceiling Fans 
  4. Domestic Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Stoves 
  5. Washing Machine 
  6. Computer (Notebook /Laptops) 
  7. Ballast (Electronic/Magnetic) 
  8. Office equipment’s (Printer, Copier, Scanner, MFD’s) 
  9. Diesel Engine Driven Monoset Pumps for Agricultural Purposes 
  10. Solid State Inverter 
  11. Diesel Generator 
  12. Chillers 
  13. Microwave Ovens 
  14. Solar Water Heaters 
  15. Light Commercial Air Conditioners 
  16. Deep Freezers 

Energy Efficiency Labels and Label Period

Energy efficiency labels are informative labels affixed to products to describe their energy consumption and performance. A star rating, ranging from 1 to 5 in the ascending order of energy efficiency is provided to the permittee and products registered with the Bureau.  

A label period is the duration prescribed by BEE for which the star rating of a product is valid. When the label period for a particular product is revised by the department, the star rating calculation table and energy performance criteria for the product also upgrades. 

BEE Surveillance Process

Check Testing

BEE’s Check testing lays down the surveillance procedure to ensure that the permittee is complying with the EC Act (2001 and subsequent amendments) and regulations relating to the energy labeling of appliances and equipment. 

Samples are randomly picked up from the market by the Bureau or its designated agency and testing is conducted in third-party NABL accredited laboratories. The permittee can be directed to withdraw all the stocks from the market, in case the model fails the check testing procedure. Financial penalties can also be levied by the bureau, as well as the publication of name and model of the failed product in print media/newspapers.

Challenge Testing

BEE’s Challenge Testing is conducted if a written compliant is received against the details present in the star label of a model or regarding the requirement stated in the BEE notified Schedule of the product.

If the model against which the compliant is received has undergone Check Testing in the last one year from the date of receipt of compliant, the complainant is informed of the results of the check testing.​Challenge Testing is conducted in an independent third-party laboratory/BEE empaneled lab​.If the Challenge Testing results deem the compliant as incorrect, the complainant must bear the charges of all the expenses.

Process For Certification

The applicant/permittee to participate in the certification scheme must be an Indian entity and could be the manufacturer/ importer/ trader of the product, who wishes to carry out the sales of the product under its name in the Indian market.